A Science of Operations: Machines, Logic and the Invention by Mark Priestley PDF

By Mark Priestley

ISBN-10: 1848825544

ISBN-13: 9781848825543

Today, desktops fulfil a stunning array of roles, a flexibility because of the good variety of programsthat may be run on them.

A technological know-how of Operations examines the background of what we now name programming, outlined no longer easily as computer programming, yet extra extensively because the definition of the stairs considering computations and different information-processing actions. This specific viewpoint highlights how the historical past of programming is specified from the historical past of the pc, regardless of the shut dating among the 2 within the 20th century. The booklet additionally discusses how the improvement of programming languages is said to disparate fields which tried to provide a mechanical account of language at the one hand, and a linguistic account of machines at the other.

Topics and features:

  • Covers the early improvement of computerized computing, together with Babbage’s “mechanical calculating engines” and the purposes of punched-card technology
  • Examines the theoretical paintings of mathematical logicians corresponding to Kleene, Church, put up and Turing, and the machines outfitted by way of Zuse and Aiken within the Nineteen Thirties and 1940s
  • Discusses the function that common sense performed within the improvement of the saved application computer
  • Describes the “standard version” of machine-code programming popularised by means of Maurice Wilkes
  • Presents the total desk for the common Turing computer within the Appendices
  • Investigates the increase of the tasks aimed toward constructing higher-level programming notations, and the way those got here to be considered ‘languages’ that may be studied independently of a machine
  • Examines the significance of the Algol 60 language, and the framework it supplied for learning the layout of programming languages and the method of software program development
  • Explores the early improvement of object-oriented languages, with a spotlight at the Smalltalk project

This interesting textual content bargains a brand new standpoint for historians of technology and know-how, in addition to for the final reader. The historic narrative builds the tale in a transparent and logical type, approximately following chronological order.

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Extra info for A Science of Operations: Machines, Logic and the Invention of Programming

Sample text

44 Babbage (1837b), p. 17. 45 Allen Bromley describes in detail the conditional operations implemented within the mill, and gives Babbage the credit for originating “the whole concept of a conditional sequence of operations in a machine, and in particular of a conditional dependence on the outcome of previous actions of the machine” (Bromley 1982). 46 Babbage (1837b), p. 20. 5 The Analytical Engine 35 The independence of the operation and variable cards is a notable feature of the design of the Analytical Engine.

59 Menabrea (1842), p. 685. 60 Menabrea (1842), p. 686. 40 2 Babbage’s Engines Translating Analysis As discussed at the beginning of this section, it appears that Babbage originally saw the Analytical Engine as a device to evaluate algebraic formulae.

These are the formulae that would be written on the cards beneath the columns V8 to V14 . To execute this calculation on the Analytical Engine, a set of operation cards would have to be derived from the list of operations given in the second column of the table and a set of variable cards from the entries in the third and fourth columns. There was no need, however, to reconfigure the mill when the same operation was repeated, and therefore no need for a sequence of operation cards requesting the same operation.

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A Science of Operations: Machines, Logic and the Invention of Programming by Mark Priestley


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